Thursday, February 14, 2013
ISA HK/China --- Trees of India (印度之树)
国内朋友请查閱 "百度博客 --- 国际树木学会" (http://hi.baidu.com/%B9%FA%BC%CA%CA%F7%C4%BE%D1%A7%BB%E1/blog ) 以取得其他文章。本分会的发表文章都已放弃版权, 任何人都可以自由转载作为教育目的, 但不能作为商业目的盈利。 任何人仕都可以申请免費加入本分会, 本分会员名单从不公开, 有意者请将真实姓名、年龄、单位、职衔、最高学历、电邮和手机号传真到 +852-2679-5338 便可. 如有查询, 请电邮至 email@example.com 。本分会的一切发表内容, 谨供参考。
本分会长利用了2013年春节之间的假期, 对南亚大国印度作出了私人访问, 附上的是他所见到的部份当地樹木种植的照片, 以供雅俗共賞。
印度已是一个大国, 总面积有中国的 1/3 之大, 已登记的人口已超过12亿, 以印度這个没有强制性的国家生育政策来言, 它的人口要超越中國, 只不过是一个时间性的問题而已。 印度有超过500个种族和超过500种的方言, 加上其他历史和文化宗教等因素, 令其情愿采用其前宗主國英国的语言来作为国会和法律语言, 而不是采用当地常用的印地语。
从分会长的眼光來看, 印度是一个充满极端的國家, 這里有全亚洲最富有的商人居住在此, 但市面上却是满布童贩和乞丐。 首都德里的识字率约为 50%, 乡村里的童养媳制度仍然十分普遍, 生女孩子是被民众认为是一个负累, 十周岁左右的女孩子就可以出嫁。 大部份的印度结婚都是盲婚哑嫁, 首选是讲求门当户对, 而不是自由恋爱, 这个连高级知识分子都不能例外, 本分会长在印度的友人统统都是如此下场, 感觉非常可悲。
印度的宗教奉行种姓制度, 人一生出来就被放进不同的等别, 而也世袭相传, 种姓之间的通婚是一件社会不接受的罪惡, 要凭自己的能力去改变命运, 几乎是不可能的事, 高种姓的人也不經常照顾低种姓的人, 这造成社会相当兩极化。 目前在印度, 已被政府认定的所谓叛乱组织就已超过 90个, 加上与邻国有领土纷争的关係, 国家庞大的税收都用在军队和治安上面, 对社会建设则是捉襟见肘。
在樹木种植方面, 本分会长的感觉就是樹木是种來采柴烧火用的为主, 遮阴乘凉的为次, 修剪樹木用的都是大板鋸和斧头, 用绳索攀树是一件不可思议的事。 在寺廟附近的老樹就命运好一点, 因为民众相信老树有神灵存在, 所以不敢碰它, 若然枝条断落伤人, 则被认定为上天行为, 这点跟中国的旧社会非常相似。
本分会长觉得在目前阶段, 要在印度马上推行树艺师制度, 是一件违反现实的事情, 但由於印度普遍流行英语, 假如当地政府愿意的话, 要把樹艺行业发展起來, 是一件非常容易的事, 这可能也是在这方面, 印度比大中华地区存在有优势之处。
本分会长可能会在今年稍后的时间再访问印度的东部, 那里是以前英国人建立茶园的地方, 也是攀登喜马拉亚山脉的胜地, 本分会长希望趁體力还可以的時候, 做一些他响往的事情。
国际树木学会 中华地区分会 会长 暨 创办人
美洲顾问树艺师学会 顾问树艺师号 RCA#497 (http://isahkchina.blogspot.com/2010/12/isa-hkchina-rac-in-asia.html)
澳洲顾问树艺师学会 顾问树艺师号 ACM 0412011 (www.iaca.org.au)
资深树艺师/注册攀树师号 HK-0174BT (http://isahkchina.blogspot.com/2011/03/isa-hkchina-frist-bcma-in-asia.html)
执业树艺师号 IPA-010908 (http://isahkchina.blogspot.com/2010/04/isa-hkchina-tree-news-1441-report.html)
专业调解及谈判学会 注册调解员号 CM-0044 (http://isahkchina.blogspot.com/2012/01/isa-hkchina-mediation.html)
“如果树木在设计和种植时犯错，其护养必然昂贵，而最终也会变成 "不定时炸弹" 。 ”
“速成出来的树木评估员, 只能作出低质量的猜測。 大自然会决定成败。 ”
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Dear Station Members,
The Station Manager (SM) Sammy Au spent a total of 8 days to visit his old time college friends in India during the holiday period of the 2013 Lunar New Year. At the same time, he had requested to see some of the tree planting in the places he visited. Attached are some photos of what he had seen for sharing.
Please note that India is a big country, about the 1/3 of the size of China. What is shown here may not be representative of what genuine tree planting is like everywhere in India. It is just what the SM has seen during his travel in the northern provinces of India.
From the photos, the trees appeared to be neglected. In fact, the SM did not see any pruning done by chainsaw, but rather by hand tools. In the attached photos, a pair of tree workers with broad saws & accesses are shown. This is the kind of tree work practice that the SM saw. In rural India, trees appeared to be planted for firewood & sometimes for shade, rather for any other benefits. Luckily in the Indian religion, some older trees are the residence of Gods, & are worshipped in a way similar to the Wishing Tree in HK.
India is a vast & complex country, made up with a population size similar to China. According to the friends of the SM, already 1.2 billion of the population have applied for the ID Card in India, but not sure how many not yet. This may suggest that the genuine population over there may be similar, or even exceed that of the 1.3 billion of China. The culture & religion are very complex in India. There are 500+ races & dialects in India, & the preferred Parliamentary Language is still English. Britain has a tremendous impact on modern India, & speaking upper class English is regarded as a gift in the ruling classes of India.
Despite all the cultural shock & hardship in traveling within India, the SM was fascinated by the warm friendship & unspoiled scenery in the places that he went to. During his travel, he had hardly seen any Chinese tourist. HK & China tourists may not find this place inviting, but the SM did not mind. He is actually thinking of returning to see the eastern part of India of Darjeeling where the British founded the tea plantation & sanatoriums. He also wants to visit the Himalayas in Sikkim, while he is still physically fit to trek up those mountains. If he does so later in the year, there will be another report.
The SM has faint hope that modern arboriculture may start up at this moment in India, given its political & cultural condition. However, if India would take a turn in that direction, they may pick it up faster than China, as English is widely spoken there. This is their advantage.
The SM will keep in touch with India which is only 5 hours away by flight from HK. He hopes to bring in more news of this emerging world power to keep us informed of their development. One day, the Arborist Profession & ISA may start up there. Who knows?
Founding President (Station Manager) of ISA HK/China (http://isahkchina.blogspot.com)
Registered Consulting Arborist no. RCA#497 (http://isahkchina.blogspot.com/2010/12/isa-hkchina-first-rca-in-asia.html)
Institute of Australian Consulting Arboriculturists Accredited Member no. ACM 0412011 (www.iaca.org.au)
ISA Board Certified Master Arborist / Certified Tree Worker no. HK-0174BT (http://isahkchina.blogspot.com/2011/03/isa-hkchina-first-bcma-in-asia.html)
Independent Practicing Arborist no. IPA-010908 (http://isahkchina.blogspot.com/2010/04/isa-hkchina-hk-tree-news-14410-report.html)
Society of Certified Mediators and Negotiators Certified Mediator no. CM-0044 (http://isahkchina.blogspot.com/2012/01/isa-hkchina-mediation.html)
"Providing treatment without in-depth diagnosis & research support is professional misconduct. "
"Casual tree assessor delivers wanton tree assessment. Mother Nature makes the rules."